Recently, Albanian politics is characterized by numerous discussions regarding the sea-bargaining negotiations between the government of Albania and the government of Greece. Albania and Greece don’t have a defined borderline since 1914, when the existing line was deployed by Great Powers.
In 2009, Berisha’s government conducted a process to reach an agreement on the delimitation of maritime space, but on January 26, 2010, the agreement was rejected by the Constitutional Court.
The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Albania has rejected as incompatible with the Constitution, the agreement between Albania and Greece “On the delimitation of their maritime areas”.
According to the decision of the Constitutional Court, the violations are numerous. They begin with the lack of the role of the President of the Republic in the drafting of this agreement.
Another breach is the lack of continuation of the basic principles of the international law on the separation of maritime spaces between two countries in order to achieve a fair and honest result.
According to the Constitutional Court, the Order of 23 August 2007 signed by Prime Minister Berisha’s, requested the establishment of the “inter-institutional working group for the definition of the continental shelf with the neighboring countries”.
Geological studies carried out in the 1960s by Russian and Albanian geologists, as well as research carried out in 2013-2015 by Norwegian companies, confirm that in this area have oil and gas, as a continuation of the Patos-Marinëz-Vlore oilfield.
Different sources said that Greece wants a quick solution to the issue, as, apart from its oil and gas interests, wants to apply the maritime decree precedent with Albania to use it as the basis for the final phase of negotiations for defining the exclusive economic zone with Israel, Cyprus, Libya and Egypt.
Albanian public opinion through the voice of its representatives: media, scholars, scientists, historians, artists, and other intellectuals oppose the pragmatism and irresponsibility of the government in the negotiations and conclusions reached in such an important issue for Albania.
The latter continues to preserve apathy and lack of professionalism by distancing itself even more from the interests of the nation. Albania will expand it towards the west to the “Joni 1” and “Joni 2” squares, which under the 2009 agreement will be taken by Greece.
Albanian Foreign Minister, DitmirBushati said: “Albania and Greece are members of the UN, a party to the Sea Convention, which means that both countries derive some rights and obligations from international law and these rights and obligations can not be optional Albania and for Greece too’’.
In general, the question of the delimitation of maritime spaces is a priority concern not only for Albania but also for Greece.Firstly, through the delimitation of the maritime spaces, states determine the extent to which they extend their sovereignty and sovereign rights and secondly it has the practical opportunity to economically exploit all the resources in these marine spaces.
As two members of the Convention on the Law of the Sea and Albania and Greece, they are entitled to delimit their maritime spaces as they have defined them with other states.
It is expected that in the coming months of this year a comprehensive agreement will be reached to clarify the maritime line between Albania and Greece of the International Sea Convention.